The volleyball court is simple in equipment and the rules of the game are easy to master. It can be played and trained on the court. It can also be used in general open space. The amount of exercise can be large or small. It is suitable for people of different ages, genders, physiques and training levels.
The rules stipulate that each player must perform a positional rotation, both to the front row of smash and block, and to the back of the defense and response. Each team member is required to have a comprehensive grasp of the various techniques and can compete in various positions.
The rules stipulate that the ball can’t land in the game, and it is not allowed to hold the ball or combo. The short time of the batting and the change of the batting space determine the high skill of the volleyball.
In the volleyball match, the offensive and defensive transition between the two sides is always carried out in a fierce confrontation. In high-level competitions, the focus of confrontation is on the online block. In a game, scoring a point often requires multiple rounds of confrontation. The higher the level of the game, the more intense the competition.
Volleyball is a project that can score and lose points in a variety of techniques. This situation is more prominent in the deciding game. Therefore, each technology has the duality of attack and defense. Therefore, the technology is required to be both aggressive and Have accuracy.
Volleyball matches are collective competitions. Apart from serving, they are all carried out in a collective match. Without strict collective cooperation, no matter how good personal skills are, it is impossible to play a tactical role. The higher the level of the team, the more stringent the teamwork.
Site facility requirements
The volleyball competition venue is a rectangle of 18m x 9m, with at least 3m of open space around it. There should be no obstacles at least 7m above the venue.
The world’s leading and official competitions, the barrier-free zone is at least 5 meters away from the sideline, at least 8 meters away from the end line, and the barrier-free competition space is at least 12.5 meters above the ground without obstacles.
A line in the middle of the field divides the course into two equal fields. All line widths are 5 cm.
There is a net in the middle of the field. The net is 1 meter wide and 9.50 meters long and is hung on two cylinders outside the field.
The women’s net height is 2.24 meters, and the men’s net height is 2.43 meters.
The two ends of the net are perpendicular to the boundary between the side line and the center line, each having a 5 cm wide sign band, and a 1.80 m long sign post is connected to the outside.
The ball has a circumference of 65 to 67 cm, a weight of 260 to 280 g, and a gas pressure of 0.40 to 0.45 kg/cm.
Since the 1st World Men’s Volleyball Championships held in 1949, the international volleyball has developed considerably. Especially after the 1964 Olympic Games included volleyball in the official competition project, countries generally attached great importance to it, and its technological and tactical development has entered a new stage.
In the 1950s, the volleyball performances of the Soviet Union and some countries in Eastern Europe have been at the forefront. In the 1960s, the Japanese women’s volleyball team jumped to win the world championship.
In the 1970s, Asian teams such as Japan, China, the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, and South Korea were known for their fast-changing play. The Cuban team, which is known for jumping in Latin America, and the faster-growing American women’s volleyball team also caused people’s Attention.
At the beginning of 1980, the world women’s volleyball team showed the confrontation between the top five Chinese, Japanese, Soviet, ancient and American. From the situation of the men’s volleyball team, the tall and powerful Soviet team is still in a leading position. Bulgaria, Romania, Cuba, China, Poland, Brazil, Czechoslovakia, Italy and South Korea also rushed to improve technology.
In today’s platoon, Brazil, China, the United States, the Netherlands, Cuba, Russia, Japan, Italy, Germany, Poland and other teams compete, and Thailand, Dominica, Puerto Rico and other teams have made rapid progress. The characteristics and development trends of volleyball technology and tactics in the contemporary world are:
First, the technology is comprehensive and specialized;
Although there are no more new technologies in the current serve, the teams are competing to use long-distance long-range floating balls, “high hanging balls” and some new teeing methods and strategies in an effort to seek to destroy the opponent’s pad and destroy their fast-break tactics. composition.
In terms of one pass, due to the increase in training time and proportion, and the improvement of the pad technology, the error rate has been greatly reduced, and the occupancy rate has increased significantly. In the future, it is necessary to adapt to various forms of serve in order to create conditions for the formation of fast breaks. In terms of smashing, the first is to break the limit of running and jumping in a certain direction and in a certain direction, and adopt various kinds of stepping and changing directions to adapt to various on-the-spot situations;
The second is to break the restriction of the special division of labor, requiring both hands to fasten the ball and fight the strong attack;
The third is to break the restriction of positioning and smashing, and demand to achieve attack in active running;
The fourth is to break the limit of 3 points of attack and develop into a front-end live attack and a deep attack in the back. In the aspect of blocking the net, when dealing with the strong attack, the technique of fully extending the shoulder and extending the arm after the high jump of the running swing arm is adopted, and the continuous jumping technique is adopted in dealing with the fast attack; when dealing with the transposition attack, not only the man-marking person and the person staring area are adopted. Blocks, sometimes using new overlapping blocks;
When dealing with personal tactical smashing, emphasize the ability to improve the independent combat capability of the single block. Sometimes, use the shift of the hand in the air to block the smashing of the line, and use the back of the hand to block the net, trying to block the ball and organize a quick counterattack. In the rear defensive aspect, emphasis is placed on mastering a variety of defensive techniques and constantly developing new technologies, such as the development of shoulder rollover into a horizontal rolling defensive technique and various blocking techniques.
Second, high-altitude, rapid change, mutual promotion;
The tactical style of the world’s platoons has formed Asia that has become more and more subjectively over the years;
There are two main different styles of Chinese volleyball type and European type with high attack and strong attack. With the strengthening of international exchanges and the development of technology and tactics, the two styles continue to complement each other and use each other to gradually narrow the differences between them, tending to match each other and use them together.
Some teams also learn new styles based on their own specific conditions and inherit their original strengths to form their own unique style. Under the premise of inheriting the rapid development of the game, the Asian team strives to improve the ability to break through. The European team is actively learning the fast break while constantly improving the level of attack.
From the development trend of volleyball technology, it is difficult to defeat powerful opponents simply relying on height and strength, or simply relying on quickness and skill. China’s strong teams are starting from their own conditions, drawing on the strengths of each country, insisting on combining height with speed, strength and rapid change, and developing their own unique style of play.
The height of bounce is growing, and the contradiction is more prominent. With the revision of rules and the development of technology, the high factor has become an important condition for the current world’s strong teams.
Volleyball is one of the ball sports. The stadium is rectangular, with high nets in between. The two sides of the game (six people per party) each occupy one side of the course. The players use the ball to hit the ball from the Internet. The ball used in volleyball is made of sheepskin or artificial leather. The rubber is bold and the size is similar to football.
Volleyball originated in the United States, and was invented in 1895 by a sports staff named William G. Morgan in Massachusetts, Massachusetts (formerly known as Massachusetts). In the early days, volleyball was called Mintonette. In 1896, according to the characteristics of the game, Professor Holstad proposed to change to Volleyball, the modern international name Volleyball. At that time, the official ball circumference was 25 to 27 inches (about 63.5 to 68.8 cm) and the weight was 9 to 12 ounces (about 255 to 346 grams). The materials and production techniques of the ball used in modern international competition have changed a lot, but the specifications of the ball are similar to the previous ones.
At that time, tennis and basketball were very popular. Mr. Morgan believes that basketball is too intense, and the amount of tennis is too small. He wants to find an indoor entertainment project with moderate amount of exercise and fun, suitable for both men and women, and wants to move the tennis that has been widely popular at that time. Go indoors and play with your hand on the basketball court. At the beginning of this game, he hangs the tennis net on the basketball court and uses the basketball net to play like a tennis ball. However, the indoor basketball court is small in size and the volleyball is easy to go out of bounds, so he made some improvements:
First, the rule that the tennis ball is allowed to land and then hit back is changed to not allow landing;
Second, the volleyball is changed in shape, its circumference is changed to 25-27 inches, and the weight is 225-340 grams.
Three，basketballs are too big and too heavy to play in the expected way, so they will try to use basketball. The basketball biliary is too light and erratic in the air. It is inconvenient to play and difficult to control. However, because of the good trial results, I decided to use this ball. Although the international standard ball has undergone thousands of improvements over the past 100 years, the size of the ball is almost the same as that of the first generation….
At that time, it stipulated the use of “rotation system” and “15 points per game”. In 1918, the number of people who played was six. Since then, six people have become popular in Europe and the United States.
The Springfield Academy is the birthplace of volleyball. The youth club of the school is the first organization to spread volleyball and the first volleyball exhibition. The officers of the YMCA, the missionaries, the students who graduated from Springfield College, and the American army who participated in the First World War became the early communicators of volleyball. Volleyball was first introduced to Canada in 1900. In the same year, India was introduced to Asia.
In 1914-1918, during the First World War, indoor volleyball was brought to Europe through the US military. As for when and where indoor volleyball is introduced to China by anyone, it has not been verified. However, the existing historical data prove that as early as 1905, volleyball activities were carried out in Guangzhou, Hong Kong and other places in China. In the early days of the introduction of volleyball into China, in addition to the development and dissemination of some churches and schools, the YMCA also played a considerable role in promoting and disseminating this project.
Indoor volleyball was introduced to Asia in 1900, and the number of people who played in the initial stage was not six but 16 people. According to the American volleyball volleyball introducer, Mr. F. S. Brown said: “At that time, there was a gymnasium in the United States, which was more suitable for 6-a-side volleyball. There are many Asians and many outdoor activities. It is necessary to consider that most people can participate in volleyball.” Mr. F. S. Blanc and Mr. F. H. Lang introduced 16-a-side volleyball to the Philippines and Japan.
Therefore, the 16th system was adopted at the first Far East Games in 1913. In 1919, the 4th Far East Games evolved into a 12-person system. In 1927, the 8th Far East Games evolved into a 9-person system. In July 1950, the National Sports Workers held at the All-China Sports Federation.
At the summer study meeting, the 6-person volleyball rules and competition method were introduced for the first time. In 1951, the 6-person system was officially adopted. Since then, the six-a-side volleyball has been gradually carried out throughout the country.
There are many ball games, indoor volleyball belongs to one of them, but the volleyball requires more price, not only technically stricter requirements, but also the team’s cooperation, first of all have enough with your teammates The tacit understanding, followed by other issues in our other areas, let us take a look at the skills of playing indoor volleyball.
The women’s volleyball is slightly prepared, raised her head and looks at the ball. The elbows are naturally raised and the hands are placed in front of the face. When the hand touches the ball, both hands should naturally open into a hemisphere, so that the finger fits the ball, the wrist is raised later, the thumb is opposite, and the little finger is in front; when passing the ball, the inside of the thumb, the index finger, and the middle finger of the second and third phalanx touch the ball. The ring finger and the little finger assist in controlling the direction of the ball on both sides of the ball. The two elbows are properly separated and naturally hang down.
When the ball approaches the forehead, it begins to squat, stretch the knees, and stretch the arms. The two hands are slightly open, and the ball is actively attacked from the front and the front of the face. The hitting point should be kept about one ball away from the front of the forehead, and the hitting position is generally below the ball. Passing the ball mainly relies on the strength of the arm and the coordination of the strength of the lower limbs. The ball is pressed on the hand and the rebound force generated by the finger wrist is transmitted. After hitting the ball, the center of gravity moves forward with the hitting action, and the whole body relaxes in a ready posture, preparing for the next hitting action.
The action essentials of the frontal serve: facing the net, the two feet are naturally open, the left foot is in front, and the left hand is in front of the ball. Send it with the flat arm of the lift arm and the palm, and throw the ball vertically vertically to the front upper side of the right shoulder with a moderate height. While throwing the ball in the left hand, the right arm is lifted, the elbow is bent and the shoulder is flat, and the upper body is slightly turned to the right. Stretch the highest point of the arm in front of the right shoulder and hit the back of the ball with the entire palm. When hitting the ball, the finger naturally opens and matches the ball, and the wrist quickly pushes the ball to make the ball fly up. After hitting the ball, as the center of gravity moves forward, it quickly returns to the field. The key is to pay attention to the batting action, hitting point, hand shape and strength.
Women’s Volleyball – Passing
Passing is a technique of hitting the ball with the use of both hands (or one hand) on the chest and above with the help of the slamming force of the wrist and the arm. The main function of the pass is to pass the picked up ball to the rest of the team for offense or direct attack. Whether a team’s offensive ability can be fully utilized depends to a large extent on the team’s passing level. In order to compete for online advantages and make the offensive tactics change rapidly, the second setter plays a central role.
Women’s Volleyball – Pad Ball
It is a technical action of hitting the ball with the rebound force of the ball with the help of the ground and the arm movement. In the game, the pad is used to receive the ball, buckle the ball and catch the ball. It is an important technology in the game to win more points and less points from passive to active.
Women’s Volleyball – Serve
The technical action of the player throwing the ball himself and using one hand to hit the ball from the two empty sign poles into the opponent’s field. Serving is the beginning of the game and offense. It is the only technical action in volleyball technology that is not restricted by others. An aggressive attack can not only score directly, but also weaken or even destroy the opponent’s offense, disrupt the deployment of the other party, and cause psychological deterrence to the other party.
It’s important to remember that at any time the ball hits your hand, your hands must be straight, don’t bend (have to endure the pain), or you can’t control the direction of the ball. Cut off your nails and remove your watch and bracelet to avoid hurting yourself. Have you learned these basic volleyball techniques?