Today, the author gives you a summary of the Main Points of Indoor Women’s Volleyball, knowing that volleyball starts here!
The basic skills of indoor women’s volleyball are divided into six major items: preparation posture and movement, passing, padding, serving, smashing, blocking.
The moving footwork commonly used in competitions is slip, cross step, jump, step and run.
1 Women’s Volleyball – Passing
Passing is a hitting technique that is performed on the chest and above with both hands (or one hand) by means of squatting and stretching arms, and by the impact force of the wrist fingers. The main function of the pass is to pass the picked up ball to the rest of the team for offense or direct attack.
Whether a team’s offensive ability can be fully utilized depends to a large extent on the team’s passing level. In order to compete for online advantages and make the offensive tactics change rapidly, the second setter plays a central role.
2 volleyball technology – pad ball
It is a technical action of hitting the ball with the rebound force of the ball with the help of the ground and the arm movement. In the game, the pad is used to receive the ball, buckle the ball and catch the ball. It is an important technology in the game to win more points and less points from passive to active.
3 Indoor Volleyball – Serve
The technical action of the player throwing the ball himself and using one hand to hit the ball from the two empty sign poles into the opponent’s field. Serving is the beginning of the game and offense. It is the only technical action in volleyball technology that is not restricted by others. An aggressive attack can not only score directly, but also weaken or even destroy the opponent’s offense, disrupt the deployment of the other party, and cause psychological deterrence to the other party.
4 Volleyball Technique – Smash
Jumping up in the air with one arm for a curved wave, using the hand to move the ball over the field area from the ball net in the two sign posts into the opponent’s field. The smash is the most active and effective weapon in the game, so it is the main means of scoring and gaining power.
5 Volleyball Technique – Wiping Ball
The second pass or the offensive hand uses the one-handed hand to quickly smear the ball from the Internet to make it quickly and unexpectedly enter the opponent’s course. It is a remedy to compensate for the probe error caused by the high pass of the ball. Law, but sometimes it is also deliberate to use this style of play to form two ball shots.
6 indoor volleyball – block
The player in front of the net with the waist above any part of the body is mainly the arm, the palm, on the ball net along the technical action of blocking the opponent hitting the net. Blocking is the first line of defense and an important part of counterattack. Blocking the net can force the opponent to smash and arrest, reduce the pressure of the back defensive, and create conditions for the counterattack of the party. Blocking the net is mainly to give the opponent the slam dunk to force the mistakes. Blocking the volleyball in the sea can slow down the speed of the ball, and even can directly block the opponent’s smash and stop the death. It is one of the important means of scoring and gaining power in the game. .
7 A summary of the Main Points of Indoor Women’s Volleyball – Volleyball Tactics
Can be divided into two categories of individual tactics and collective tactics. Personal tactics are the process of personally applying technology according to the situation on the field. It is divided into six individual tactics: serve, pass, pass, smash, block, and back defensive.
8 Collective tactics refer to organized and purposeful collective coordination between two or more players. Collective tactics include offensive tactics and defensive tactics.
9 Offensive tactics refer to the purposeful and organized offensive actions taken by the whole team after picking up the ball from the opponent, sending, deducting, blocking, passing and padding. Offensive forms include strong attack, fast break, two goals and their transfer. A strong attack means forcibly breaking through the attack of the other side without the cover of the companion.
10 Fast Attack refers to all kinds of flat and fast balls that are transmitted from the second pass, and various tactical cooperation composed of these flat and fast balls as cover. The two balls and their transfer means that when the ball is higher and the ball is in front of the net, the front line can jump directly to the ball.
If the opponent’s block is tight, the ball can be transferred to other players’ offensive play in the air. The defensive tactics include four formations: the receiving position of the serve, the defensive formation of the slam dunk, the formation of the returning ball and the passing and the defensive formation.
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On the evening of June 3, the “Celebration Cup” – 2019 Lanzhou University National College Women Volleyball Invitational Tournament.
2019 FIVB Women’s Volleyball kicked off at the West Campus of Lanzhou University Chengguan Campus.
The seven teams from Taipei City University, Nanjing University, Sichuan University, Shandong Normal University, Nanchang University, Shandong Weifang and Lanzhou University will compete in a single round robin in a six-day period.
Fan Baojun, Vice President of Lanzhou University, Hu Jing, Deputy Director of Sports Health and Art Education Department of Gansu Provincial Education Department, relevant person in charge of the provincial university, all coaches, referees and athletes attended the opening ceremony.
2019 FIVB Women’s Volleyball , the opening ceremony was hosted by Qiao Deping, director of the Physical Education Department of Lanzhou University.
After standing up to sing the national anthem, Fan Baojun delivered an opening speech on behalf of Lanzhou University.
He said that at the time when Lanzhou University is about to celebrate its 110th anniversary, the National Women’s Volleyball Invitational Tournament is held to celebrate the grand event and to continue the university. It is of great significance to promote the dual-class construction of Lanzhou University.
During the competition, Lanzhou University will do its best to do all kinds of high-quality guarantee work with thoughtful management and careful service. We hope that all teams will go all out and actively prepare for the battle, with the strength of youth, the spirit of hard work, and the style of competition.
Hu Jing announced the opening of the National Women’s Volleyball Invitational Tournament of Lanzhou University in 2019.
After the nunchaku performance, martial arts performance and cheerleading dance, Fan Baojun kicked off the game.
The game of the night was hosted by the host University of Lanzhou against Nanjing University. In the end, Lanzhou University won the game in a three-game winning streak and ushered in the first game.
In the round-robin competition of the day, Shandong Weifang defeated Sichuan University at 3:2, and Taipei City University lost to Shandong Normal University at 0:3.
After the first battle, Feng Tao, a coach of the Lanzhou University women’s volleyball team, said that the Lanzhou University team occupied a lot of factors and other factors in the game. The overall performance of the team members was stable, and they maintained the training style of dare to fight and play. The level that should be.
Zhang Yimin, a coach of the Women’s Volleyball Team of Sichuan University, believes that from the thoughtful service of the reception to the layout of the competition, Lanzhou University has deeply felt the importance attached to the competition.
He said that the Sichuan University team continued the “old lineup”, aiming to strengthen exchanges and learning through competitions, and hope that the women’s volleyball in Sichuan University can play normal levels and improve in the game.
It is reported that the high-level women’s volleyball team of Lanzhou University was established in 1987, and the training base is located in Kangxian County. In the past 30 years, the women’s volleyball team of Lanzhou University has won outstanding honors in the various competitions in and outside the province with the excellent tradition of dare to fight and the spirit of “hard work and never give up.”
The team has won the top eight of the “Xinghua Cup” National College Volleyball League for 12 consecutive years. In 2016, it won the third place in the National College Volleyball Championship. In the past three years, it has entered the National College Super League three times and won the top eight.
In 2017, the women’s team of the 13th People’s Republic of China Student Games won the sixth place, and the National College Student Volleyball League (Northern Division) in 2017-2018 entered the top four.
There are 18 active members of the 2019 FIVB women’s volleyball team, mainly from the School of Journalism and Communication, the School of Management, and the School of Economics. A total of 14 people participated in this competition. The lineup of the competition was based on the lineup of the National College Student Volleyball League Finals in April. The lineup features “old and new”. teamessexvolleyball.com
From August 2nd to 4th, the Ningbo Olympic Women’s Volleyball Qualification Tournament Ningbo Beilun Station will be held at the Beilun Sports Center. The men’s volleyball competition will be held from August 9th to 11th. This event will be related to whether the teams can qualify for the first batch of the 2020 Tokyo Olympics, so the teams are very important. Beilun will continue to show its unique charm as the “first arena of Chinese volleyball”.
Chinese women’s volleyball in the qualifying group B, the same group of teams have Turkish women’s volleyball, German women’s volleyball and Czech women’s volleyball. In comparison, the Turkish women’s volleyball team and the German women’s volleyball team are stronger, and the Czech women’s volleyball team is relatively weak. From the point of view of the schedule, the Chinese women’s volleyball team’s three games were from simple to difficult, the first against the Czech women’s volleyball team, the second against the German women’s volleyball team, the third game against the Turkish women’s volleyball team.
In order to better prepare for the Olympic qualifying competition, Lang guidance and a number of key players did not travel to Nanjing to participate in the World Women’s Volleyball League Finals, but stayed in Beilun for training, polishing techniques and cooperation. At present, the team’s preparations for this competition have entered a critical moment.
Objectively speaking, the match between China and Turkey will be the focus of this competition. In the World Women’s Volleyball League Finals, the two teams played two games, each winning one. The Turkish women’s volleyball team also played the main role in the World Women’s Volleyball League Finals. It can be seen that the team is in good shape. The highest fare for this game is 600 yuan, and the lowest fare is 100 yuan.
It is reported that the e-ticket of this competition began to be sold today. The local organizing committee staff said: “The supply will be in short supply as soon as the sale begins.” The paper ticket will be sold on the 20th of this month. The minimum fare for some games is only $20.
The Chinese men’s volleyball team is divided into the qualifying group F. The opponents of the same group are the Canadian men’s volleyball team, the Argentine men’s volleyball team and the Finnish men’s volleyball team The Canadian men’s volleyball team won the 2017 World Men’s Volleyball League season, and the Argentine men’s volleyball team was the fifth in the Rio 2016 Olympic Games. For the Chinese men’s volleyball team, it is not easy to break through.
Ningbo Beilun will hold two qualifying competitions. This is the re-affirmation of Beilun’s volleyball technique by the International Fellowship and the Chinese Association. Beilun will continue to show its unique charm as the “first arena of Chinese volleyball”.
Here is the Volleyball clubs. On September 7th, the Rio Paralympic Games will be held. “Taizhou Manufacturing” will be unveiled in the sitting volleyball stadium – Jiangsu Qiangqiang Sporting Goods Co., Ltd. located in Taizhou Gaogang Daxie Industrial Park. Become a supplier of all sports volleyball equipment in this competition!
At the end of June, Qiangqiang Company received an order confirmation letter from Rio, Brazil. At the end of July, the company produced seated volleyball equipment for shipment to Brazil. At present, these volleyball equipments have been installed and commissioned to meet the upcoming Paralympic sitting volleyball competition. .
Let’s first take a look at this “Taizhou-made” sports volleyball equipment company~~
Qiangqiang Company is located in Datun Town Industrial Park, Gaogang District, Taizhou City. It is a member of China Sporting Goods Federation and a member of Jiangsu Sports Equipment Association. It is a comprehensive production enterprise specializing in the production of sports competition volleyball equipment and ball net series products.
Approved by the State General Administration of Sports, passed the ISO9001 and NSCC certification, FIVB certification of the International Federation of Volleyball, and the Volleyball series of disabled people have obtained the certification of the World Disabled Volleyball Federation.
The products are used in various important events such as the Asian Games, the Universiade, the Asian Beach Games, and the National Games of China and the Youth Games.
How did the company successfully enter the Rio Paralympic Games to provide all the equipment for the volleyball competition?
Olympic business opportunities have always been the focus of sports equipment companies in various countries. With the continuous improvement of the degree of opening up to the outside world, this has become an excellent opportunity for Taizhou enterprises to leverage the Olympics to launch their brands and demonstrate the strength of “Taizhou manufacturing”.
Volleyball equipment sports equipment is one of the fist products produced by the company. In 2010, it passed the FIVB certification of the FIVB. It is also the exclusive supplier of competition equipment designated by the China Volleyball Association. It has been successfully applied to top international competitions such as the Beijing Olympics and the London Olympics.
Seated volleyball equipment has its own special characteristics and must be suitable for disabled people. The company accelerated its independent research and development, and the sitting volleyball equipment has been successfully applied to the 2013 Beijing Asian Paralympic Games, the 2014 Incheon Asian Remnant Society, and the 2015 Singapore Southeast Asian Games. Because the product quality is excellent, the company’s disabled volleyball series products have successfully passed the certification of the World Paralympic Volleyball Federation. Since last year, we have increased product marketing efforts and started to develop sitting volleyball equipment suitable for the requirements of the Rio Paralympic Games.
▲ sitting volleyball certificate
The Rio Paralympic Games will have high requirements for sitting volleyball equipment. The products must not only have excellent quality, but also be aesthetically pleasing, light and easy to operate.
After several months of research, the company has been boldly innovating and designed a new generation of disabled volleyball equipment. The product is not only lighter in weight, but also has good stability and convenient operation.
In the past, there was a major flaw in the disabled volleyball equipment, that is, the height adjustment of the net was not smooth. Especially when the schedule changed, the men’s and women’s competitions were different because of the height of the net, and the height of the net needs to be adjusted. Problems such as replacement and adjustment time have brought a lot of trouble to the event organizers.
How does the powerful company do it?
They carried out technical research, updated the core components, and solved the problem of difficulty in adjusting the height of the network, and obtained patent protection. The ball net adjustment equipment has been tested again for multiple rounds of high-intensity testing to ensure product quality and ensure that the height of the net can be adjusted in the shortest time when the men and women compete in the game.
In March of this year, the World Seated Indoor Volleyball Intercontinental Competition was held in Anji, Zhejiang Province. This is the largest number of participating teams and the largest number of people in the world of sitting indoor volleyball. It is also the largest disabled volleyball event in China. During the competition, the company’s sitting volleyball equipment played an important role, and successfully passed the test of the World Paralympic Volleyball Federation, which laid a solid foundation for getting the “Admission Ticket” of the Rio Paralympic Games. The volleyball club will provide you with more information at any time!
Here is the Volleyball clubs. I will introduce you to the volleyball related information and knowledge every day. Today, I will talk about indoor volleyball equipment.Introducing the volleyball equipment-volleyball venue, the most comprehensive ground rules for you.
- The volleyball competition venue includes the competition field and the barrier-free area, and its shape is a symmetrical rectangle.
- Volleyball equipment – rules for the ground of the competition venue
The ground of the volleyball match must be flat, level, and uniform. There must be no hidden dangers that may harm the players. Do not play on rough, wet or slippery grounds.
The ground of the official FIVB world competition venue can only be wood or synthetic; the site boundary is white. The competition area and the barrier-free area are respectively different colors.
Second, volleyball equipment – areas and areas on the competition venue
A few notes about volleyball equipment – the venue of the competition:
(1) Competition area: the competition area is long
18*9 m rectangle. The center line is divided into two equal field areas. The two long lines are the side lines. The two short lines are end lines.
(2) All boundaries have a width of 5 cm and the width of the line is included in the field.
(3) teeing area: wide for
9 meters, the area between the two side lines is the teeing ground, vertical and 20 cm short line from the end line, the area between the two short lines is the teeing area, the short line width is included in the teeing ground, and the depth of the teeing area is extended to no obstacles. District terminal.
(4) Front field and back field: The center line and the offensive line form the front field. Midline and offensive line spacing
3 meters. The front field area extends indefinitely to the barrier-free area outside the sideline. The offensive line and the end line form the back field.
In the FIVB World Competition, draw 5 lines of 15 cm long, 5 cm wide and 20 cm apart on each side of each offensive line. The total length of the dotted line is 1.75 m.
(5) Barrier-free area: There is at least 3 meters wide barrier-free area around the competition area, and at least 7 meters of barrier-free space is measured from the ground.
The barrier-free area outside the border of the FIVB World Competition venue is at least 5 meters wide and at least 8 meters wide outside the end line. The barrier-free space above the competition venue is at least 12.50 meters high. Adult World Championships and Olympic Games, the barrier-free area is at least 6 meters wide outside the line and at least 9 meters outside the end line.
(6) Substitution area: The extension line of the two offensive lines and the range outside the side line of the recording table are the substitution area.
(7) Preparing the activity area: The far end of the team seat outside the barrier-free area, and the area of 3*3 meters is the preparation activity area.
(8) Penalty seat: After the team members draw a 1 meter square, there are two chairs in the room for the penalty seat. Members who are sentenced to play should be sentenced to a penalty.
- Volleyball equipment – temperature and lighting of the venue
The minimum temperature must not be less than 10 degrees Celsius (50 degrees Fahrenheit). The indoor temperature of the FIVB World Competition shall not exceed 25 degrees Celsius (77 degrees Fahrenheit) and the minimum shall not be less than 16 degrees Celsius (61 degrees Fahrenheit).
The indoor lighting of the FIVB World Competition is measured at a height of 1 m from the ground and should be 1000-1500 lux.
In Beijing in July, the sun is shining, it is a good time for the students to release their youth and sweat.
In the 2019 youth volleyball summer camp, 30 elementary school students will be in close contact with the volleyball champion here, receive professional volleyball technique training, and enjoy the joy of volleyball.
In this issue, you will learn about the summer camp to enrich the summer life of the students and appreciate the fascination of volleyball.
On June 19th, the volleyball clubs brought volleyball to the campus and promoted the recruitment of volleyball summer camps while promoting volleyball.
Happy and constant, the volleyball summer camp highlights a lot!
In late July, 30 small campers will learn volleyball knowledge, practice volleyball skills at the Beijing Auto Glory Stadium, visit the volleyball national team training venue, go to the Chaoyang Park Ocean Beach Festival to experience the charm of beach volleyball, enjoy in colorful activities. Happy volleyball time.
At the summer camp, there will be volleyball stars in person to guide, the small campers can not only experience professional training, but also face-to-face communication with idols.
The small campers will experience the national team through the “Champion Road”. The mysterious retired players will come to the national team training base to tell the moving stories of the TAs, lead the children to understand the history of volleyball, and feel the glory days of Chinese volleyball.
The summer camp also set up a number of fun projects to help Beijing youth volleyball development, such as the beach volleyball confrontation at the “Beijing Ocean Beach Carnival”.
Most importantly, the small campers will challenge themselves and cultivate perseverance in the summer camp. The “team clearance” game session will train the team spirit and the enterprising spirit of each ball.
From basic technical exercises to team offensive and defensive training, small campers can learn volleyball knowledge in the summer camp and enjoy the fun of volleyball. Parents can also experience a dynamic and fun parent-child time at Ocean Beach Festival.
The volleyball summer camp will enrich the summer life of primary school students and promote the enthusiasm of young people to participate in volleyball activities. Actively promote youth volleyball, deepen the soil for the development of volleyball, and inherit the volleyball spirit, here to see the future.
(1) Formal diversity and extensive mass
The equipment for volleyball is relatively simple and can be set indoors or outdoors. Volleyball activities can be carried out on the floor, on the sand, on the grass, on the snow, and even in the water. The form is diverse and the rules of the game are easy to grasp and can be modified. The number of participants can be more or less, and the exercise load can be small and small. It is suitable for people of different ages, genders, physiques and training levels to perform activities under different environmental conditions. Therefore, there is a wide range of masses.
(B), the comprehensiveness of technology and high skill
In volleyball matches, players in any position must participate in defense and offense; and in most forms of competition, the rules also require players to rotate positions. Therefore, each team member must fully grasp the various attack and defense technologies. Because the volleyball game has the characteristics that the ball can’t land, and the ball must be hit and cannot be held, the same player can’t hit the ball twice, and the number of hits per team is regulated, the tactical skill of volleyball is determined.
(3) Intense confrontation and strict collectiveness
The offensive and defensive transition between the two sides in the volleyball match has always been carried out in a fierce confrontation, and the focus of the confrontation is mainly on the online buckle and the block. A ball-to-ball battle often goes through seven or eight rounds. The higher the level of the game, the more intense the competition. Both sides of the volleyball game are using the three chances of the ball allowed by the rules. Through careful design and ingenious cooperation, the intense attack and defense conversion and the perfect tactical combination are realized in an instant, which reflects the strict collectiveness.
(four), easy entertainment and elegant leisure
Volleyball sports are not in a form of form, and they can fight in the net and play in the circle. As long as there is a space, or a beach or grass, you can enjoy the fun of shooting. The volleyball game is carried out across the net. The two sides fight, no physical contact, safe and elegant, is an ideal way for people to be happy and casual.
(5) The generality of the activity and the good ornamental
The volleyball rules stipulate that the ball can strike any part of the body and make the technical movement more and more diversified. It can be used either by hand or by foot, head and other techniques, plus front flapping, falling, rolling, diving, etc. The defensive action, which expands the defensive range, increases the chances of pilling, makes the game look exciting, attracts the audience, and has good viewing.
In short, the current volleyball rules have given new life to the volleyball game. The game time is relatively shortened and fixed in a certain period of time. The means of gains and losses increase, the game is increasing, the gap between the strong and the weak is narrowing, the disparity between the winners and the loses increases, and the interest of the audience is thickened. The atmosphere was warm. In short, the implementation of the new rules enhances and enhances the appreciation of volleyball matches, which is conducive to the development of the sport and the formation of the market.
(6) The duality of attack and defense technology
In the volleyball game, each technology can score and lose points. Each technology has the duality of attack and defense. The volleyball’s various techniques are attacking and defending, preventing and attacking, mutual transformation, and mutual restraint. Therefore, the technique is required to be accurate and skilled, and it must be both aggressive and accurate.
The benefits of volleyball
(1) Participating in volleyball can improve people’s strength, speed, endurance, bounce, coordination, reaction and other physical qualities and athletic ability, improve the function of various organs and systems of the body, and cultivate wit, courage, calmness and calmness. Strong and decisive psychological quality.
(2) It is possible to cultivate a collectivist spirit of unity and cooperation, overcoming difficulties, and striving for victory. Through training and competition, the exchange between the sports teams, the unity between the athletes, and the improvement of the technical level are promoted.
(3) Popularize and improve sports, promote the extensive development of mass sports activities, enrich people’s cultural life, and improve their health.
(4) Through competitions, carry out international exchanges, promote friendship and solidarity among the people of the world, enhance national prestige, and invigorate the national spirit. At the volleyball clubs, you can get a lot of information about volleyball. teamessexvolleyball.com
The height factor is manifested in two aspects:
First, the height is long. From the 1980 Olympic Games volleyball match, the world’s strong teams, the average height of the women’s volleyball team is about 1.77 meters, generally have 4 to 5 players above 1.80 meters; the average height of the men’s volleyball is above 1.92 meters. The tall players of 1.94 meters or more, each team has 7 to 9 players, and some of the shorter teams are also trying to train high players.
The second is the bounce height. Each team attaches great importance to the training and improvement of special jumping power. As the world’s best volleyball players, the height of the women’s volleyball team is generally above 3.05 meters, the highest is 3.30 meters, the height of the men’s volleyball is generally above 3.50 meters, and the highest is 3.76 meters.
The increase in the height of the players and the increased offensive ability have intensified the confrontation of online arrests. The victory or defeat of modern volleyball games depends to a large extent on the ability of online competition based on comprehensive technology. Smash and block are the most important means of scoring in the game. Without a strong offensive and rigorous block and defense, the defense in the back can’t stand the attack and won’t win.
Offensive tactics, fast and changeable;
At present, the world volleyball offensive tactics are developing rapidly, and are developing towards high acceleration, strong attack, speed, strength, skill, frontier and depth. The main performances are as follows:
1 In the active running, cross-covering and sudden changes in the realization of combat volleyball cooperation, in order to cause the other side of the defensive judgment of the error, resulting in more favorable situation. In this regard, some Asian teams are more skilled.
2 Breaking the pattern of division of labor between the main attack and the offensive attack, the main attack and the offensive attack each other to make breakthroughs to strengthen the ability of comprehensive offensive, enrich the content of the tactics, and adapt to various complicated situations.
3 In the counterattack, the opportunity to use the fast and changeable tactics to carry out a surprise attack when the opponent’s defense is undecided and the foothold is not stable.
4 Organize high-point or far-net attacks at the forefront of the network to avoid the strict blocking of the other party.
5 combined with the front row of offensive cover, launching attacks from the deeper areas in the back row, forming a variety of supporting three-dimensional tactics to break through the strict blocking of the other side.
6 Emphasis on the use of individual tactics in the coordination of collective tactics, such as the use of two-line differentiation (straight or oblique smash), flat back zone, hand turn to wrist, beater out of bounds and high point lob to improve the ability to break through.
Defensive tactics, flexible and diverse;
Volleyball Vectors While strengthening the offensive, the world’s strong teams pay great attention to defensive training and improvement. With the development of the offensive, pay attention to the use of more flexible and versatile forms in the defensive tactics, breaking the pattern of the “side-following” defense in the past. The principle is: according to the actual situation of the team and the offensive characteristics of the opponent, reasonably organize the defensive power, and deploy the defense from the counter-attack that is beneficial to the organization.
The Japanese women’s volleyball team uses “follow-up” or “heart follow-up” defense according to different rounds. The Soviet men’s volleyball team used the two defensive forms together, that is, the 6th player decided to advance and retreat according to the judgment, and the 1st or 5th player was based on the 6th position player’s advance and retreat camera. The Chinese team is based on the specific circumstances of the ball, using a zoom in “horseshoe” or narrowing the “horseshoe” defense, and the camera does not stop retreating or withdrawing.
The strength of the strong team competition, online confrontation is very intense, sometimes playing 3 hours in a game, sometimes for a service or 1 point, often have to fight more than 10 rounds. The fierce competition has made most of the technologies able to score and lose points. In this sense, they have both offense and defense.
Therefore, in the competition, the collective coordination of the team, the requirements for each team to fully grasp the offensive and defensive techniques and the development of individual unique skills and the cultivation of tenacious style are increasingly higher.
The volleyball court is simple in equipment and the rules of the game are easy to master. It can be played and trained on the court. It can also be used in general open space. The amount of exercise can be large or small. It is suitable for people of different ages, genders, physiques and training levels.
The rules stipulate that each player must perform a positional rotation, both to the front row of smash and block, and to the back of the defense and response. Each team member is required to have a comprehensive grasp of the various techniques and can compete in various positions.
The rules stipulate that the ball can’t land in the game, and it is not allowed to hold the ball or combo. The short time of the batting and the change of the batting space determine the high skill of the volleyball.
In the volleyball match, the offensive and defensive transition between the two sides is always carried out in a fierce confrontation. In high-level competitions, the focus of confrontation is on the online block. In a game, scoring a point often requires multiple rounds of confrontation. The higher the level of the game, the more intense the competition.
Volleyball is a project that can score and lose points in a variety of techniques. This situation is more prominent in the deciding game. Therefore, each technology has the duality of attack and defense. Therefore, the technology is required to be both aggressive and Have accuracy.
Volleyball matches are collective competitions. Apart from serving, they are all carried out in a collective match. Without strict collective cooperation, no matter how good personal skills are, it is impossible to play a tactical role. The higher the level of the team, the more stringent the teamwork.
Site facility requirements
The volleyball competition venue is a rectangle of 18m x 9m, with at least 3m of open space around it. There should be no obstacles at least 7m above the venue.
The world’s leading and official competitions, the barrier-free zone is at least 5 meters away from the sideline, at least 8 meters away from the end line, and the barrier-free competition space is at least 12.5 meters above the ground without obstacles.
A line in the middle of the field divides the course into two equal fields. All line widths are 5 cm.
There is a net in the middle of the field. The net is 1 meter wide and 9.50 meters long and is hung on two cylinders outside the field.
The women’s net height is 2.24 meters, and the men’s net height is 2.43 meters.
The two ends of the net are perpendicular to the boundary between the side line and the center line, each having a 5 cm wide sign band, and a 1.80 m long sign post is connected to the outside.
The ball has a circumference of 65 to 67 cm, a weight of 260 to 280 g, and a gas pressure of 0.40 to 0.45 kg/cm.
Since the 1st World Men’s Volleyball Championships held in 1949, the international volleyball has developed considerably. Especially after the 1964 Olympic Games included volleyball in the official competition project, countries generally attached great importance to it, and its technological and tactical development has entered a new stage.
In the 1950s, the volleyball performances of the Soviet Union and some countries in Eastern Europe have been at the forefront. In the 1960s, the Japanese women’s volleyball team jumped to win the world championship.
In the 1970s, Asian teams such as Japan, China, the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, and South Korea were known for their fast-changing play. The Cuban team, which is known for jumping in Latin America, and the faster-growing American women’s volleyball team also caused people’s Attention.
At the beginning of 1980, the world women’s volleyball team showed the confrontation between the top five Chinese, Japanese, Soviet, ancient and American. From the situation of the men’s volleyball team, the tall and powerful Soviet team is still in a leading position. Bulgaria, Romania, Cuba, China, Poland, Brazil, Czechoslovakia, Italy and South Korea also rushed to improve technology.
In today’s platoon, Brazil, China, the United States, the Netherlands, Cuba, Russia, Japan, Italy, Germany, Poland and other teams compete, and Thailand, Dominica, Puerto Rico and other teams have made rapid progress. The characteristics and development trends of volleyball technology and tactics in the contemporary world are:
First, the technology is comprehensive and specialized;
Although there are no more new technologies in the current serve, the teams are competing to use long-distance long-range floating balls, “high hanging balls” and some new teeing methods and strategies in an effort to seek to destroy the opponent’s pad and destroy their fast-break tactics. composition.
In terms of one pass, due to the increase in training time and proportion, and the improvement of the pad technology, the error rate has been greatly reduced, and the occupancy rate has increased significantly. In the future, it is necessary to adapt to various forms of serve in order to create conditions for the formation of fast breaks. In terms of smashing, the first is to break the limit of running and jumping in a certain direction and in a certain direction, and adopt various kinds of stepping and changing directions to adapt to various on-the-spot situations;
The second is to break the restriction of the special division of labor, requiring both hands to fasten the ball and fight the strong attack;
The third is to break the restriction of positioning and smashing, and demand to achieve attack in active running;
The fourth is to break the limit of 3 points of attack and develop into a front-end live attack and a deep attack in the back. In the aspect of blocking the net, when dealing with the strong attack, the technique of fully extending the shoulder and extending the arm after the high jump of the running swing arm is adopted, and the continuous jumping technique is adopted in dealing with the fast attack; when dealing with the transposition attack, not only the man-marking person and the person staring area are adopted. Blocks, sometimes using new overlapping blocks;
When dealing with personal tactical smashing, emphasize the ability to improve the independent combat capability of the single block. Sometimes, use the shift of the hand in the air to block the smashing of the line, and use the back of the hand to block the net, trying to block the ball and organize a quick counterattack. In the rear defensive aspect, emphasis is placed on mastering a variety of defensive techniques and constantly developing new technologies, such as the development of shoulder rollover into a horizontal rolling defensive technique and various blocking techniques.
Second, high-altitude, rapid change, mutual promotion;
The tactical style of the world’s platoons has formed Asia that has become more and more subjectively over the years;
There are two main different styles of Chinese volleyball type and European type with high attack and strong attack. With the strengthening of international exchanges and the development of technology and tactics, the two styles continue to complement each other and use each other to gradually narrow the differences between them, tending to match each other and use them together.
Some teams also learn new styles based on their own specific conditions and inherit their original strengths to form their own unique style. Under the premise of inheriting the rapid development of the game, the Asian team strives to improve the ability to break through. The European team is actively learning the fast break while constantly improving the level of attack.
From the development trend of volleyball technology, it is difficult to defeat powerful opponents simply relying on height and strength, or simply relying on quickness and skill. China’s strong teams are starting from their own conditions, drawing on the strengths of each country, insisting on combining height with speed, strength and rapid change, and developing their own unique style of play.
The height of bounce is growing, and the contradiction is more prominent. With the revision of rules and the development of technology, the high factor has become an important condition for the current world’s strong teams.